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“If we assist the highest forms of education – in whatever field – we secure the widest influence in enlarging the boundaries of human knowledge.”
—John D. Rockefeller, Sr.
Papers of Individuals
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ROCKEFELLER FAMILY RELATED


NELSON W. ALDRICH PAPERS, 1777-(1879-1915)-1930

Size: 60 rolls of microfilm

Contents: This collection consists of the microfilm of selected Series from the originals in the Library of Congress, Manuscript Division.

Arrangement:
  • Series 1, Diaries and Notebooks, 1863-1927
  • Series 2, General Correspondence, 1777-1915
  • Series 3, Tariff, 1880-1915
  • Series 5, Biographer's Papers, 1860-1930
  • Series 7, Speech File, 1881-1913
  • Series 10, Miscellany, 1882-1915

The register for the entire Library of Congress collection is available at the Archive Center.

Photograph Collection: No

Biography: Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich (1841-1915), the father of Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, was a financier and philanthropist who served as a U.S. representative (1879-1881) and U.S. senator (1881-1912) from Rhode Island, and as chairman of the National Monetary Commission (1908-1912).




WAYNE G. BROEHL PAPERS, 1947-1965

Size: 20 cu. ft.

Contents: This collection consists of the research material gathered by Wayne Gottlieb Broehl (b. 1922) for his book, The International Basic Economy Corporation (1968). It includes original corporate material as well as correspondence, reports, transcripts of interviews with staff members, and Broehl's notes and drafts of the manuscript.

Arrangement: This collection is unprocessed. An inventory is available.

Photograph Collection: No

Biography: Wayne G. Broehl (B. 1922) is the author of The International Basic Economy Corporation (1968).




JOHN R. CAMP PAPERS , 1903-1929-(1943-1981)

Size: 1.8 cubic feet

Restrictions: Material dated after 1960 is closed.

Contents: The collection includes personal correspondence and reports relating to his work for Nelson A. Rockefeller.

Arrangement:
Arranged in two series:

1. South America, 1943-1963, including several reports written in Spanish
2. Michigan Hill, 1903-1981

Photograph Collection: Yes

Biography: John R. Camp (b. 1909) served as director of the agricultural program in Paraguay and Venezuela in the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (1943-1946); as a representative of the International Basic Economy Corporation (IBEC) in Venezuela (1947-1960); as a representative in Venezuela (1947-1963), vice-president (1955-1960), and executive vice-president (1961-1969) of the American International Association for Economic and Social Development (AIA); and as consultant (1969-1980) to Nelson A. Rockefeller's Michigan Hill Project, the birthplace of John D. Rockefeller in Tioga County, New York.




KENNETH CHORLEY PAPERS, 1918-1976

Size: 32 cubic feet

Contents: The collection includes correspondence, financial records, minutes, legal papers, reports, and clippings relating to the creation of Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc. and the subsequent transfer of property to the Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks. Chorley's personal papers consist of correspondence, speeches, diaries, scrapbooks, tapes, and interviews with employees of Colonial Williamsburg. One box of clippings documents visits to Colonial Williamsburg by the royal families of Britain and Greece.

Arrangement:
Arranged in three series:

1. Jackson Hole, 1926-1949 (10 cu. ft.)
2. Personal, 1918-1974 (22 cu. ft.), including diaries, 1924-1970, and 35 scrapbooks
3. Colonial Williamsburg, 1953-1976 ( 1.5 cu. ft.)

Photograph Collection: Yes

Biography: Kenneth Chorley (1893-1974), a conservationist and a leader in the field of historic preservation, worked for several Rockefeller enterprises beginning in the 1920s. He served as vice-president (1930-1935), treasurer (1934-1937), president (1935-1958), trustee (1958-1961), and trustee emeritus (1963-1974) of Colonial Williamsburg, Inc.; a trustee (1940-1974), treasurer (1952-1955), and vice-president (1954-1964) of Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc.; as president (1952-1963) of the Grand Teton Lodge Company; and as vice-president (1954-1964) of the American Conservation Association, Inc.




ELI WHITNEY DEBEVOISE PAPERS, 1941-1968

Size: 2.4 cu. ft

Contents: The collection is unprocessed. An inventory is available. Five inches of correspondence and newspaper clippings (1941-1945) document Debevoise's work as a Hearing Officer of the Alien Enemy Hearing Board for the Southern District of New York. Based on evidence obtained from hearings, the Board made recommendations to the U.S. Attorney General as to the detention, parole, or release of alien enemies in custody. Debevoise served as chairman of the Hearing Board from 1942 to 1945. Also included are files relating to Debevoise's service under New York governors Thomas E. Dewey and Nelson A. Rockefeller. The balance of the professional papers of Eli Whitney Debevoise has been distributed among appropriate institutions; personal papers remain the property of his heirs.

Arrangement:

1. New York Legislative Committee on Integrity and Ethical Standards in Government, 1954
2. Governor's Committee to Review New York Laws and Procedures in the Area of Human Rights, 1967-68
3. Task Force on Youth and Juvenile Delinquency, 1959-1960
4. Alien Enemy Hearing Board #3, 1941-45

Photograph Collection: No

Biography: Eli Whitney Debevoise (1899-1990) co-founded the New York law firm of Debevoise & Plimpton in 1931. He was the son of Thomas M. Debevoise (1874-1958), longtime senior counsel to John D. Rockefeller, Jr.




HAROLD P. FABIAN PAPERS, 1927-1981

Size: 26 cubic feet

Contents: The collection includes minutes, correspondence, financial records, legal documents, reports, maps, audio tapes, films, and clippings documenting Fabian's involvement in the affairs of the Snake River Land Company and its successor, Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc. Subjects covered include ranch and lodge management, conservation, wildlife management, water rights, Menor's Ferry restoration, and the commercial development of the Jackson Hole Valley.

Arrangement: Arranged in six series:

1. Snake River Land Company, 1927-1943
2. Teton Companies, 1930-1976
3. Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc., 1940-1981
4. JY Ranch, 1927-1958
5. Caneel Bay Plantation, Inc., 1955-1965
6. Conservation, 1961-1975
7. Non-Textual Material

Photograph Collection: Yes

Biography: Harold Pegram Fabian (1885-1975) was a lawyer in Salt Lake City who became active in the operation of the Snake River Land Company, the Teton Companies, and Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc., between 1927 and 1975.




RAYMOND B. FOSDICK PAPERS, (1919-1934)-1951

Size: 0.5 cubic feet and microfilm

Contents: The collection includes no personal papers. Series 1 includes general correspondence, financial records, a copy of the controversial IWM report on the 1920 U.S. Steel strike, and reports related to Fosdick's work to dissolve the IWM; and Series 2 includes general correspondence, minutes, and a history of the Institute for Social and Religious Research.

Arrangement::
Arranged in three series:

1. Interchurch World Movement (IWM), (1919-1925)-1951
2. Institute for Social and Religious Research, (1921-1934
3. Microfilm of the Raymond B. Fosdick Papers at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library at Princeton

For a broader perspective on Fosdick's life and career, readers should consult the Raymond B. Fosdick Papers, 1910-1971 (11.75 cu. ft.) at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library (http://www.princeton.edu/~mudd/) at Princeton University. A microfilm copy of this collection is available at the Rockefeller Archive Center, which joined with the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library in a cooperative preservation microfilm project.

Microfilm of the collection at Princeton reflects not only Fosdick's work for John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and the Rockefeller philanthropies but also documents other aspects of his career, such as his work as chairman of the Commission on Training Camp Activities during World War I, his experience at the Paris peace conference, and his work for the League of Nations.

Photograph Collection: No

Biography: Raymond Blaine Fosdick (1883-1972), an attorney and author, served as undersecretary-general of the League of Nations (1919-1920), as a trustee of The Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (1921-1936) and the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial (1921-1928); as a trustee (1923-1938) and president (1936-1938) of the International Education Board; as a trustee (1922-1948), president (1936-1948), and chairman (1932-1936) of the General Education Board; and as a trustee (1921-1948) and president (1936-1948) of the Rockefeller Foundation.




HARRY W. FRANTZ PHOTOGRAPHS, 1942-1949

Size: 162 items

Contents: The collection includes photographs relating to Frantz's work for the CIAA, including the 1943 National Press Club tour for Argentinean journalists of naval and military establishments, including San Antonio Air Bas, Douglas Aircraft Company, Detroit (Chrysler) Tank Arsenal, Hollywood Studios, and the Disney Studio (1943); views of the CIAA newsroom, the Inter-American Conference in Chapultepec, Mexico (1945) on the problems of war and peace; and the United Nations meeting in San Francisco (1945). The collection also contains scenic views of San Francisco (1943, 1945) and photographs of President Harry S. Truman, Ezeguiel Padilla (Foreign Minister of Mexico), Pedro Velloso (Foreign Minister of Brazil), and other dignitaries from Latin America.

Biography: Harry W. Frantz (b. 1891) was a newspaperman and staff member of the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (CIAA).




FREDERICK T. GATES PAPERS, 1877-1939

Size: 2 cubic feet

Contents: The collection includes correspondence, clippings, pamphlets, memoranda, a personal financial ledger, and the typescript Autobiography of Frederick T. Gates, which was published in 1977. See also nine volumes of Gates' outgoing correspondence, 1895-1913, located in the letterbook series in the John D. Rockefeller Papers in the Rockefeller Family Archives.

Arrangement:: The collection is arranged alphabetically.

Photograph Collection: No

Background: Frederick T. Gates (1853-1929) was a Baptist minister who became the major philanthropic advisor to John D. Rockefeller, beginning in 1893. In this capacity he was one of the architects of the major Rockefeller philanthropic institutions, including the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (1901, now The Rockefeller University), the General Education Board (active 1902-1964), the Rockefeller Sanitary Commission for the Eradication of Hookworm Disease (active 1909-1913), and the Rockefeller Foundation, established in 1913. Before joining Rockefeller's staff to help give his money away, the Rev. Gates enjoyed a successful career as a fundraiser for the Pillsbury Academy in Minnesota (1888) and the American Baptist Education Society (1888-1893), where he met Rockefeller while soliciting support for the University of Chicago.

While with the American Baptist Education Society, on April 20, 1891, the Rev. Gates wrote to a Brother Sunderland, who had asked for advice about how to raise money. His reply included twenty-two points of advice and continues to be quoted and cited by fundraising professionals. The Rockefeller Archive Center's collection of Frederick T. Gates Papers includes typed excerpts from his letterpress books in the records of the American Baptist Education Society at the American Baptist Historical Society at the Valley Forge (Pennsylvania) offices of the American Baptist Churches, USA. This letter is described as being "pp. 467-473, letter press book, 1891, American Baptist Education Society." Read the letter




MARK M. JONES PAPERS, 1890-(1916-1965)

Size: 4.3 cubic feet

Contents: The collection consists primarily of reports, economic audits, surveys, analyses of policy and finance, and development plans compiled between 1921 and 1935 for various businesses and nonprofit organizations.

Arrangement:: The collection is arranged alphabetically by personal or an institutional name

Photograph Collection: No

Biography: Mark Manderville Jones (1890-1986) was a management consultant and economist for the law firm of Curtis, Fosdick and Belknap (1921-1926). He began his association with John D. Rockefeller, Jr., in about 1922, conducting studies of firms and organizations that were of interest to Rockefeller. Jones went into practice as a consulting economist in 1926, and later was president of the Akron Belting Company (1934-1951), editor of the Executive's Policy Letter (1948-1954), and president of the National Economic Council (1963-1969).




LINDSLEY F. KIMBALL PAPERS, 1939-(1974-1979)

Size: 1 cubic foot

Collection: The collection is unprocessed. There is no finding aid. The collection includes a draft of a history of the USO as well as reports and correspondence pertaining to Riverside Church, the Rockefeller University, the Red Cross, New York College of Osteopathic Medicine, the New York Blood Center, New York City's financial crisis, and funding for the arts.

Photograph Collection: Yes

Biography: Lindsley Fiske Kimball (1894-1992) was vice-president of the General Education Board (1950-1960), vice-president of the Rockefeller Foundation (1949-1960), an associate with the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, and was associate (1942-1952) and president (1945-1949, 1951-1952) of the United Service Organizations (USO).




GRAHAM MOLITOR PAPERS, 1953-1968

Size: 36 cu. ft.

Contents: The collection documents Molitor's research on Nelson A. Rockefeller's political opponents. These oppositional research files include the candidates' positions on various issues, campaign material, and speeches.

Arrangement:: The collection is arranged by candidate:

Barry M. Goldwater (boxes 1-11)
Hubert H. Humphrey (boxes 12-14)
Robert F. Kennedy (boxes 15-19)
Eugene J. McCarthy (boxes 19-22)
Richard M. Nixon (boxes 22-27)
Ronald W. Reagan (boxes 27-29)
Nelson A. Rockefeller (boxes 29-30)
William Scranton (box 31)
Other Material (boxes 32-36)

See Box List

Photograph Collection: No

Biography: Graham Molitor was born in Seattle in 1934. He earned a B.A. degree from the University of Washington in 1955 and an LL.B. degree from the American University in 1963. He was admitted to the bar in the District of Columbia in 1963. After working as a court bailiff in the District of Columbia and as a legislative counsel in the House of Representatives, Molitor was hired as Director of Candidate Research of the Rockefeller for President Committee in 1963. He was responsible for monitoring and analyzing statements made by other candidates for the Republican presidential nomination. He served until Governor Rockefeller withdrew his candidacy in 1964, and then served in the same capacity again in Governor Rockefeller's 1968 presidential campaign. From 1963 to 1977 he worked as a lobbyist for the food industry. In 1977 he established Public Policy Forecasting, Inc., and has written, lectured, consulted and participated in numerous public policy conferences all regarding future trends in food, technology and related public policy issues.




ALVIN MOSCOW PAPERS, 1968-1976

Size: 2.5 cubic feet

Contents: The collection contains notes, correspondence, and interviews collected by Moscow during his years of research on the Rockefeller family.

Manuscript Material includes the first draft, chapter revisions, rewrites, original and final typescript manuscripts, and other items relating to the publication of The Rockefeller Inheritance.

Arrangement:: The Alvin Moscow Papers are divided into two series:

  • Research Material: The research material is arranged by family member (John D. Rockefeller, Sr.; John D. Rockefeller, Jr.; Abby Aldrich Rockefeller; Abby Rockefeller Mauzé John D. Rockefeller 3rd; Nelson A. Rockefeller; Laurance S. Rockefeller; Winthrop Rockefeller; David Rockefeller). There is also a section for the Rockefeller Brothers and the Rockefeller Cousins. For the most part, papers within the folders for each family member or group are divided into four categories. The categories are: biographical material; notes; research correspondence; and drafts.
  • Manuscript Material
Photograph Collection: No

Biography: Alvin Moscow was born in New York City on December 31, 1925. He attended New York City public schools and St. John's University. Moscow received a degree in Journalism from the University of Missouri. His postgraduate training was at the City College of New York.

Moscow was an assistant to the Night City Editor at The New York Times from 1943-1944. In 1948 he went to work for the Associated Press as a radio newswriter. The following year he became a general news reporter for the AP and remained there until 1959. During 1961-1962 Moscow was a consultant to Richard M. Nixon in the writing of Six Crises and various newspaper columns. He remained with Nixon during the California gubernatorial campaign of 1962, serving as a speech writer, general spokesman, and political analyst for the out-of-state press corps. Moscow was also a consultant to William S. Paley in the writing of As It Happened (1979). He is the author of The Rockefeller Inheritance (1977), among other books.




OSCAR M. RUEBHAUSEN PAPERS, 1941-2000

Size: 9 cu. ft.

Contents: This collection comprises a portion of the files of attorney Oscar M. Ruebhausen, an advisor to Nelson A. Rockefeller. While a small percentage of these records document his interactions with or about Governor Rockefeller, the bulk of the collection documents his professional activities outside of the law firm.

Arrangement: Files are arranged chronologically, based on the agency or committee with which he was working.

Photograph Collection: No

Biography: Oscar M. Ruebhausen (1912-2004) was for many years an intimate but unpaid adviser to Nelson A. Rockefeller, who, as governor, appointed Ruebhausen to various positions in New York state government. Ruebhausen also was chairman of the boards of the Russell Sage Foundation and the Greenwall Foundation and served as chairman of the board of Bennington College in the 1950s and 1960s. From 1972 to 1981 he was the presiding partner in the law firm of Debevoise Plimpton, which he joined in 1937.




THE SIMPSON FAMILY PAPERS, 1929-1939

Size: The collection consists of seven folders of correspondence (1929-1939) and 329 photographic images.

Contents: The strength of the Simpson Family collection is its photographic images of Acadia National Park: 329 prints and negatives. The images were taken by Paul D. Simpson during and after construction, and are especially strong in their depiction of clearing, grading and leveling techniques, construction equipment, bridge construction, and the finished roads and bridges. Also included are details of intricate stonework, the approach to and placement of the bridges, and road side views. The Simpson Family papers also contain seven folders of correspondence (1929-1939) primarily between Paul D. Simpson, JDR. Jr., and the Rockefeller office staff. There also are scattered letters to and from other members of Rockefeller's design team, including the Olmsted Brothers firm, Grovesnor Atterbury, who was the architect for the Jordan Pond and Brown Mountain gate houses, and Beatrix Farrand, designer of the roadside landscaping.

Photograph Collection: Yes

Background: Two generations of the Charles P. Simpson family served as engineers for the road system at Maine's Acadia National Park, which is widely recognized as one of the jewels of the U.S. National Park System. Much of the park's charm and popularity is due to its extensive network of roads, built to take advantage of, without detracting from, the magnificent views of mountains, forests and water.

The collaboration between the Simpsons and John D. Rockefeller, Jr. began in 1913 when Charles P. Simpson became the chief engineer for the roads that Rockefeller had commissioned on his summer estate in Seal Harbor. Rockefeller envisioned the roads as a way of enjoying and preserving the area's natural beauty by channeling the increasing tourist traffic. The two men worked closely as Rockefeller mapped the roads' layout and Simpson oversaw their construction. When Charles P. Simpson fell ill in 1922 his son, Paul D. Simpson, who had begun his training in his father's office, assumed the role of Rockefeller's chief engineer.

Charles P. Simpson (1848-1928) was born in Sullivan, Maine. As a young man he left Sullivan for California, where he learned engineering. He later moved to Nebraska, becoming a land surveyor and part owner in a sawmill and lumberyard. In 1880, Simpson; his wife, Mary Walworth Simpson; and their three children returned to Sullivan, where he established an engineering and surveying office. His son, Paul Dyer Simpson, was born March 10, 1876 in St. Paul, Nebraska. After serving in the Army during the Spanish-American War, Paul graduated from the University of Maine in 1903 with a degree in civil engineering. Like his father, he spent several years in the West, returning in 1912 to Maine where he joined the elder Simpson's business. After succeeding his father as Rockefeller's chief engineer in 1922, Paul continued in that capacity until 1940, when the roads were incorporated into Acadia National Park.

The road construction was a massive, long-term project which drew on the talents of William Welles Bosworth, the Olmsted Brothers design firm, and Beatrix Farrand. The routes ultimately embraced 57 scenic miles and 16 rustic stone bridges, becoming the core of the Acadia National Park road system. Most of the roads were completed by 1930, at which time Rockefeller began the gradual transfer of his property to the U.S. Park Service. The transfer was concluded in the early 1940s. Rockefeller eventually presented Acadia National Park with 10,700 acres, one-third of its size.




CHARLES A. STRONG PAPERS, 1877-(1906-1939)

Size: 4 cu. ft.

Contents: The collection (Record Group 51 of the Rockefeller Family Archives) includes incoming and outgoing correspondence that documents Strong's friendship with George Santayana and William James, unpublished writings by Strong, and the writings of others.

Arrangement:: The Strong papers are arranged in five series:

  • Series I - Personal Correspondence
  • Series II - Professional Correspondence
  • Series III - Writings
  • Series IV - Writings of Others
  • Series V - Miscellaneous Papers

Biography: Charles Augustus Strong (1862-1940), a psychologist, was the son of the prominent Baptist minister, the Rev. Augustus H. Strong. He earned an A.B. degree from Harvard in 1885 and following study in Europe, Strong began a professional academic career at Cornell (1807-18890 before moving to Clark University (1890-1892), the University of Chicago (1892-1895) and Columbia University (1895-1910). In 1889 Strong married Bessie Rockefeller (1866-1906).

Biographical Sketch
Scope and Content Note
Finding Aid




MALCOLM WILSON PAPERS, 1939-1979

Size: 10 cu. ft.

Contents: The collection contains a portion of the personal papers of Malcolm Wilson, Lieutenant Governor of New York, 1959-1973, and Governor, 1973-1975. Wilson also served as Chairman of the New York State Commission on the World's Fair, and the collection includes extensive files on the planning of the 1964 World's Fair. The collection does not include materials from the period of Wilson's service as Governor, nor are there any materials pertaining to his unsuccessful 1974 campaign for Governor.

Photograph Collection: Yes

Biography: Malcolm Wilson (1941-2000) served in the New York State Assembly (1938-1958) before becoming lieutenant governor of New York (1959-1973) and, following Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller's resignation, governor (1973-1975).




WALLACE F. WORTHLEY PAPERS, 1918-1921

Size: 36 pieces of correspondence

Contents: The collection includes Worthley's correspondence with his family and letters to him from the Rockefeller children and their mother, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller. The correspondence includes Worthley's assessment of Nelson A. Rockefeller's reading difficulties and his lesson plans to deal with the problem.

Arrangement:

Photographic Collection: No

Background: Wallace F. Worthley was a student at the University of Chicago who worked for John D. Rockefeller, Jr. during the summers of 1918, 1919, and 1920 as a tutor for Rockefeller's six children.




EDGAR B. YOUNG PAPERS, 1955-1978

Size: 18 cu. ft.

Contents: The collection (Record Group 17.B of the Rockefeller Family Archives) consists of correspondence, reports, memoranda, diagrams and architectural drawings. The overwhelming majority of the material pertains to the creation and development of Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts and documents Young's role in this process.

Photograph Collection:Yes

Arrangement:: The collection is arranged in two series with multiple subseries:

Series 1: Lincoln Center, Inc.
1.1 Administration (Boxes 1-11 Folders 1-114)
1.2 Art (Boxes 11-13 Folders 115-147)
1.3 Building Operations (Boxes 13-16 Folders 148-178)
1.4 Constituent Relations (Boxes 16-24 Folders 179-275)
1.5 Education (Boxes 24-26 Folders 276-306)
1.6 Financial Administration (Boxes 26-30 Folders 307-348)
1.7 Fundraising (Boxes 30-35 Folders 349-408)
1.8 Kirstein, Lincoln (Boxes 35-38 Folders 409-441)
1.9 Planning and Construction (Boxes 38-60 Folders 442-779)
1.10 Public Relations (Boxes 61-68 Folders 780-875)
1.11 Working Files (Boxes 68-69 Folders 876-912)
Series 2: Japan Society  
2.1 Administration (Boxes 70-72 Folders 913-932)
2.2 Building Operations (Box 72 Folders 933-934)
2.3 Education (Box 72 Folders 935-937)
2.4 Financial Administration (Box 72 Folders 938-939)
2.5 Fundraising (Box 72 Folder 940)
2.6 Public Relations (Box 72 Folders 941-943)

Biography: Born in 1908, Young joined the Rockefeller Family Office in 1946 as the first full-time staff aide to John D. Rockefeller 3rd (JDR 3rd). He had worked previously for the U.S. Employment Service, the U.S. Bureau of the Budget, and the New York Port Authority. In the Rockefeller Family Office, Young soon became involved in a number of projects and organizations that interested JDR 3rd; in 1952, he was appointed secretary of the Japan Society and in 1956 became secretary of the Asia Society. He also was involved in the early development of Lincoln Center through JDR 3rd's interest and involvement. But Young soon took a leadership role in the project and served Lincoln Center in numerous administrative positions including secretary, acting president, executive vice president and director. His role as chairman of the Building Committee (well documented in Series 1.9 Planning & Construction) is also very important in the initial planning stages and the early development of the institution, and well documented.

Lincoln Center evolved from a project that was designed originally to bring the Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic together in one neighborhood, the area known as Lincoln Square, which had been designated as an urban renewal project. In 1955, the Exploratory Committee for a Musical Arts Center was formed with John D. Rockefeller 3rd as chairman. In his role as chairman of the Rockefeller Foundation, JDR 3rd had been approached as a potential donor to, and fundraiser for, the project. As soon as Lincoln Square became available for purchase, the Exploratory Committee was incorporated - on June 22, 1956 - as Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Inc. (Lincoln Center, Inc.), with Rockefeller as president. Construction of the buildings began in 1959, and the first building, Philharmonic Hall, opened in 1962.

The fundamental concept behind the enlarged project was that Lincoln Center would be a space for the performance and teaching of the various arts to future generations. Lincoln Center, Inc. would be the coordinating agency for a group of artistically and administratively independent constituents, representing the best companies in New York City. To Philharmonic Hall (renamed Avery Fisher Hall in 1973) and the Metropolitan Opera House (opened in 1966) were added a house for operettas and the dance (the New York State Theater, opened in 1964), a theater for the newly formed Repertory Company (the Vivian Beaumont Theater), a Library and Museum of the Performing Arts (opened in 1965 and later made the Lincoln Center branch of the New York Public Library), and the Juilliard School (completed in 1969). It was Rockefeller's idea to include the Juilliard School as the educational component of Lincoln Center, and he suggested that drama and dance be taught there as well as music.

Edgar B.Young served as secretary (1956-1962), acting president (1961), executive vice president (1962-1966), and director of Lincoln Center, and he was a member of both the Executive and Education Committees and the chairman of the Building Committee. His service on so many committees enabled him to amass a rich collection of detailed material that documents each building, from architectural conception through tenancy by an artistic institution.

In the mid 1970s Edgar Young also became involved in the Japan Society, and his activities with that organization are documented briefly in Series 2, boxes 70-72.




GEORGE ZEIDENSTEIN PAPERS, 1976-1992

Size: 10 cu. ft.

Contents: The collection consists of George Zeidenstein's professional correspondence, spanning his seventeen years of service to the Population Council. Records include internal Population Council memoranda, reports, drafts of speeches, and travel notes.

Arrangement: The Zeidenstein papers are arranged into 1 series: professional correspondence.

Photograph Collection: No

Biography: George Zeidenstein, born July 29th 1929, started his undergraduate education at the University of Pittsburgh in 1947 and transferred to the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor in 1948. Zeidenstein later attended and graduated from Harvard Law School.

He began his professional career as a corporate and securities lawyer on Wall Street. In 1976, Zeidenstein became president of the Population Council (with John D. Rockefeller 3rd serving as Chairman of the Council). Zeidenstein remained with the Population Council for seventeen years.

Zeidenstein also actively served in several capacities in international development issues with the Ford Foundation and the Peace Corps. His work with the Peace Corps relocated Zeidenstein and his family to Nepal, where Zeidenstein was Country Director, and Bangladesh, as Representative of the Ford Foundation. Zeidenstein is currently a Distinguished Fellow at Harvard University's Center for Population and Development Studies, where he began in 1993.

For his work, Zeidenstein has been decorated by the governments of Senegal and Finland. Zeidenstein is also a former Board Member of the International Center for Research on Women.

Please see the online finding aid for further information.


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